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An Annotated Fairy Tale

I frequently find myself on-line reading fairy tales. And being me, I frequently find myself maintaining a sort of mental running commentary about said fairy tales, and since I am spending today recuperating from Con-mode, I have nothing better to do than inflict it upon you!

The Blue Light is a folktale of Aaren-Thompson type 562. There’s a half-dozen versions or so. This one’s from Grimm, by way of the marvelous folktale collection put on-line by the University of Pittsburgh.

The Blue Light

Once upon a time there was a soldier who had served the king loyally for many long years. When the war was over and the soldier could no longer serve because of the many wounds he had received, the king said to him, “You can go home now. I no longer need you. There will be no more money for you, because wages are only for those who earn them.”

So, the king’s a dick. Good to know.

Because the soldier did not know how he could earn a living, he sadly walked the whole day long, until he came to a forest in the evening. As darkness fell he saw a light. He approached it and came to a little house, where a witch lived. “Give me a night’s shelter and a little to eat and drink,” he said to her, “otherwise I will perish.”

“Oho!” she answered. “Who gives anything to a runaway soldier? But I will have pity and take you in after all, if you will do what I ask of you.”

Insomuch as there is a moral to fairy tales, it’s that you should always be nice to the less fortunate. You’re probably better off being nice to the less fortunate when they’re animals and old women, however, since there’s an equally large body of folksongs that detail the hazards of letting soldiers sleep over. In situations like these, the witch pretty much has to flip a coin and hope she doesn’t wind up pregnant.

“What do you want?” asked the soldier.

“For you to dig up my garden tomorrow.”

Ideally you should ask to see the garden first in these cases, as it is entirely likely that it is guarded by ravenous griffins and hip deep in griffin crap.

The soldier agreed, and the next day he worked with all his might, but could not finish before evening. “I see,” said the witch, “that you can do no more work today. I will take you in for one more night if tomorrow you will cut up and split a stack of wood for me.”

Compared to a lot of people, the witch is being very nice about this. The ogre in “Master-Maid” threatened to eat the hero if he didn’t finish by sunset. I’m surprised the witch isn’t bringing him a pillow and some Dr. Scholl’s inserts.

The soldier took the entire day to do this, and that evening the witch proposed that he remain a third night. “Tomorrow I have only a small task for you. Behind my house there is a dry well into which my light has fallen. It burns blue and never goes out. I want you to get it for me.”

I am pretty sure you are not supposed to go into tunnels when the lights start burning blue.

The next day the old woman led him to the well and lowered him down it in a basket. He found the blue light and gave a sign that she should pull him up again. And she did pull him up, but when he was close to the edge, she wanted to take the blue light from him. “No,” he said, sensing her evil thoughts, “I shall not give you the light until I am standing on the ground with both feet.”

Then the witch became furious, let him fall back into the well, and walked away. The poor soldier fell to the damp floor without being injured. The blue light continued to burn, but how could that help him?

I am not sure if this was a radical about-face by the witch, or if she was planning on killing him the whole time and thought she’d at least get some manual labor out of the bargain first. In some of the other versions, the witch is replaced by a charcoal burner who conveniently dies in his sleep, and in at least one, the witch is a perfectly nice person who gave him piles and piles of money, and the soldier hacks her head off when she won’t tell him what the light is for. But we’ll go with strange soldier-telepathy for the moment.

He saw that would not be able to escape death. He sadly sat there for a while. Then he happened to reach into his pocket and found his tobacco pipe, which was still half full. “This will be your last pleasure,” he thought, pulled it out, lit it with the blue light, and began to smoke.

You lit a fire in a tunnel where the flames were burning blue. By rights you should be spread all over the landscape in an inch-thick layer of goo.

After the fumes had wafted about the cavern, suddenly there stood before him a little black dwarf, who said, “Master, what do you command?”

“Why should I command you?” replied the bewildered soldier.

“I must do everything that you demand,” said the dwarf.

The plot thickens!

“Good,” said the soldier, “then first help me out of this well.”

The dwarf took him by the hand and led him through an underground passage, and he did not forget to take the blue light with him. Along the way he showed him the treasures that the witch had collected and hidden there, and the soldier took as much gold as he could carry.

In some of the other versions, the dwarf is replaced by a man made of iron, and in about half of them, it’s a trio of dogs, with eyes as big and round as a series of big round things. (Millstones, towers, etc.)  My mental image of the dogs with huge eyes involved a series of mutant pugs and was a trifle unsettling. Pugs already have that problem with their eyes popping out when they sneeze too hard or get whacked in the back of the head, and if you’ve got eyes like millstones, I imagine you don’t even dare swallow hard. And good luck catching THAT in a wet towel and taking the dog to the vet. They’d have to be like those freaky Margaret Keane animals. Let’s stick with the dwarf.

When he was above ground, he said to the dwarf, “Now go and bind the old witch and take her to the judge.”

Not long afterward she came riding by on a tomcat as fast as the wind and screaming horribly. And not long after that the dwarf was back. “It is all taken care of,” he said. “The witch is hanging on the gallows. Master, what do you command now?”

Well, I’ll give the soldier some credit for having the witch sent to the judge instead of having the dwarf kill her outright. We’ll assume there was a fair trial, as Vaguely Medieval Europe was always so good about that with witches.

I would have liked to know more about the tomcat as fast as the wind, though.

“Nothing at the moment,” answered the soldier. “You can go home, but be ready when I call you.”

“It is only necessary,” said the dwarf, “for you to light your pipe with the blue light, and I will be with you.” With that he disappeared before his very eyes.

The soldier returned to the city from which he had come. He moved into the best inn and had beautiful clothes made for himself. Then he told the innkeeper to furnish his room as luxuriously as possible. When it was finished he summoned the black dwarf and said, “I served the king loyally, but he sent me away to starve. For this I now want revenge.”

“What am I to do?” asked the little man.

“Late this evening, when the king’s daughter is lying in bed, bring her here to me in her sleep. She shall do maid service for me.”

I see we’re just going to abandon the moral high ground right away.

The dwarf said, “That is an easy thing for me, but a dangerous thing for you. If you are found out, it will not go well for you.”

The dwarf may be the only person in this story with any sense.

At the strike of twelve the door opened, and the dwarf carried the king’s daughter in.

“Aha, is that you?” cried the soldier. “Get to work now! Go fetch the broom and sweep the room.” When she was finished he called her to his chair, stuck his feet out at her, and said, “Pull off my boots,” then threw them in her face, and she had to pick them up and clean them and make them shine.

I had been wondering if “maid service” was a euphemism. I suppose it could be worse. But my sympathy is definitely gone. I realize that the king’s a dick, but I’m pretty sure his daughter didn’t have anything to do with the military pension situation, and you’re using your amazing magic tinderbox just so you can throw boots at her head?

She did everything that he ordered her to do, without resisting, silently, and with half-closed eyes.

Nothing creepy ’bout that at all.

At the first cock’s crow, the dwarf carried her to the royal palace and back to her bed.

The next morning, after the king’s daughter had gotten up, she went to her father and told him that she had had an amazing dream. “I was carried away through the streets as fast as lightning and taken to a soldier’s room. I had to serve as his maid and wait on him and do common work, sweep the room, and clean his boots. It was only a dream, but still I am as tired as if I had really done it all.”

“The dream could have been true,” said the king. “I will give you some advice. Fill your pocket with peas, then make a small hole in your pocket. If you are carried away again, they will fall out and leave a track on the street.”

The king may be a dick, but this is really rather clever. (In other versions he sees a spot of boot-grease on her face, which explains a little better why he was willing to believe that this was really happening.)

As the king was thus speaking, the dwarf was invisibly standing nearby and heard everything.

Honestly, the dwarf deserves Employee of the Year. You notice the the soldier never thanks him for any of this.

That night when he once again carried the sleeping princess through the streets, a few peas did indeed fall out of her pocket, but they did not leave a track, because the cunning dwarf had already scattered peas in all the streets. And once again the king’s daughter had to do maid service until the cock crowed.

The next morning the king sent his people out to look for the track, but it was to no end, for in all the streets there were poor children gathering peas and saying, “Last night it rained peas.”

Personally I might have just closed up her pocket, but I suppose if one of your superpowers is making it rain peas, you take any chance to can get to use it. I would imagine this annoys the heck out of the dwarf’s friends. “Damnit, Bob! We’re just locked out of the house here! This is not an appropriate situation for the rain of peas!” 

“We must think of something else,” said the king. “Leave your shoes on when you go to bed, and before you return from there, hide one of them. I will be sure to find it.”

The black dwarf overheard this proposal, and that evening when the soldier again wanted the king’s daughter brought to him, the dwarf advised him against this, saying that he had no way to protect him against such trickery. If the shoe were to be found in his room, it would not go well with him.

Let me get this straight. The dwarf can make it rain vegetables, go invisible, drag witches off to be tried fairly by a jury of their peers (I am clinging to this one, damnit) and smuggle sleeping women all over town, but if somebody throws a shoe under the bed, he’s powerless?

“Do what I tell you,” replied the soldier, and for a third night the king’s daughter had to work like a maid. But before she was carried back, she hid a shoe under the bed.

Maybe the dwarf is a recovering brownie, and he can’t touch shoes. He’ll lose his mind if shoes get involved. He had to join Shoes Anonymous for recovering fairy cobblers.

On the other hand, it’s a fairy tale, and there are so many red-hot iron shoes, shoes that make you dance endlessly, shoes that cause passing farmhouses to fall on your head, etc, that maybe he’s being quite sensible about this.

The next morning the king had the entire city searched for the shoe, and it was found in the soldier’s room. The soldier himself, following the little man’s request, was already outside the city gate, but they soon overtook him and threw him into prison.

Bet you wish you’d kept that tomcat-as-fast-as-the-wind now, huh?

In his haste, he had forgotten to take along his most valuable things: the blue light and the gold.

Translation: The soldier is too stupid to live. This is not like forgetting to pack your toothbrush.

He had only one ducat in his pocket. Standing at the window of his prison and weighted down with chains, he saw one of his comrades walking by. He knocked on the glass, and as he walked by, he said, “Be so good and bring me the little bundle that I left at the inn. I’ll give you a ducat for it.”

The comrade ran forth and brought back the desired things. As soon as the soldier was alone again, he lit his pipe and summoned the black dwarf. “Have no fear,” he said to his master. “Just go where they lead you, and let everything happen, but take the blue light with you.”

If I were the dwarf, I might be trying to shed this guy by now and go back to my nice well, which isn’t full of ingrates.

The next day the soldier was tried, and although he had done nothing wrong, the judge still sentenced him to death.

No, actually I’m pretty sure kidnapping and throwing boots at the princess for revenge counts as wrong, and there’s still the question of the possibly innocent witch, since I am growing increasingly suspicious of the accuracy of soldier telepathy. Frankly, maybe the witch was the telepathic one and realized what a jerk you are and decided to drop you down the well for a reason.

As he was being led out, he asked the king for one last wish.

“What sort of a wish?” asked the king.

“That I might smoke one more pipe on the way.”

“You can smoke three,” answered the king, “but do not think that I will let you live.”

Never ever ever grant the last wishes of people with known magical associates.

Then the soldier pulled out his pipe and lit it with the blue light. As soon as a few rings of smoke had risen, the dwarf was standing there. He had a cudgel in his hand and said, “What does my master command?”

“Strike the false judges and their henchmen to the ground for me. And don’t spare the king either, who has treated me so badly.”

I will give you that the king was a dick about the pensions, and if you want to strike him down, I’m willing to turn a blind eye. But the judges nailing you for kidnapping really don’t qualify as “false” and let me point out that you thought they were good enough for the witch (who increasingly has my sympathy.)

Then the dwarf took off like lightning, zip-zap, back and forth, and everyone he even touched with his cudgel fell to the ground and did not dare to move. The king became afraid. He begged for mercy, and in order to save his life, he gave to the soldier his kingdom as well as his daughter for a wife.

I bet she was thrilled.

Originally published at Tea with the Squash God. You can comment here or there.

Holy crap. If I were the princess, I'd nick the blue light and hide it someplace. Or light my own pipe with it and tell the dwarf to neuter my 'husband'.

The version I'm familiar with indeed had dogs with eyes the size of very large round things, and (if I recall correctly) chests of copper, silver, and gold to go along with them. (Obviously, eye size is linked to value of chest). I believe the young woman was under some duress, or perhaps was just socially out of reach, but the soldier didn't throw boots at her, instead he had her to tea and they had lovely conversations (or whatever). But her parents or guardians get suspicious and tie a bag of flower to her ankle, and cut a little hole in it, and so they follow her to the soldier's lodgings. The soldier doesn't have any warning, and is carried off without his magic tinderbox. He does pay an urchin to go get it, and I don't honestly remember what happens after that - he might just have the dogs magic him and his girl off to the furthest Indies.

Which comes out to - not all versions are quite so iffy on the character of the soldier, but being a magical familiar is probably thankless work no matter whether you're a dog with eyes the size of millponds or a small black dwarf.

Not to nitpick, but I think you meant a bag of flour, much as I prefer the image of the princess leaving a trail of petals.

(no subject) (Anonymous) Expand

This fairytale sucks. :D

Edited at 2012-02-27 07:08 pm (UTC)

Well, if you are actually a somewhat sympathetic dwarf, then you make it rain peas so the poor can eat them, right?

...yeah, I'm figuring that if the princess is sensible, she'll nick the blue light, have the soldier turned into something, and I'm voting that the tomcat-fast-as-the-wind can be turned into a shape-shifter. Then he can look like the soldier, but scratch him behind the ears and he'll turn into a cuddlebug. (Or maybe she'd hook up with the dwarf?)

Y'know, I much prefer that version of the story. In my head, that's now cannon.

I would totally buy a book of "Ursula Vernon's Annotated (and Illustrated) Fairy Tales". Just little sketches in the margins, showing the dwarf thrilled at using his rain of peas power and things like that.

Oh, I like that idea!

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I wish I had you around to annotate everything I read. Would you be willing to start with The Sun Also Rises? Hemingway would go so much better that way....

I thought not.

Edited at 2012-02-27 07:14 pm (UTC)

Like this?

Robert Cohn was once middleweight boxing champion of Princeton. Do not think that I am very much impressed by that as a boxing title, but it meant a lot to Cohn.

Hurrah for him?

He cared nothing for boxing, in fact he disliked it, but he learned it painfully and thoroughly to counteract the feeling of inferiority and shyness he had felt on being treated as a Jew at Princeton.

And that was the ONLY thing he could think of to deal with this? What about, like, finding some decent friends? I'm sure there were some reasonable people at Princeton.

There was a certain inner comfort in knowing he could knock down anybody who was snooty to him, although, being very shy and a thoroughly nice boy, he never fought except in the gym.

Okay, I can see that, but it sounds like an awful lot of work to achieve something that could've been done much easier some other way.

He was Spider Kelly's star pupil.

How nice for him, I'm sure.

Spider Kelly taught all his young gentlemen to box like featherweights, no matter whether they weighted one hundred and five or two hundred and five pounds.

Did it work? If not, why did he keep on doing it?

But it seemed to fit Cohn.

Suggests answer to previous question is no.

He was really very fast. He was so good that Spider promptly overmatched him and got his nose permanently flattened.

What does Cohn being overmatched have to do with Spider's nose?

This increased Cohn's distaste for boxing, but it gave him a certain satisfaction of some strange sort, and it certainly improved his nose.

Oh, we mean COHN's nose. Hemingway, aren't you supposed to be one of those writers who's good at this, and ought to be able to make it clear whose nose you're talking about? Also, I'm not sure that the nose comment is at all PC, what with establishing seven sentences ago that Cohn is Jewish. (Unless we declare that any literary character named Cohn can assumed to be Jewish, in which case it was established nine sentences ago.)

In his last year at Princeton he read too much and took to wearing spectacles. I never met any one of his class who remembered him. They did not even remember that he was middleweight boxing champion.

Really? REALLY? Not even the guys who were #2 and #3 remembered him? I think you would remember the guy who edged you out of being middleweight boxing champion, no matter how unmemorable he was. Even if it was only as 'that incredibly BORING guy who had no business being as good a fighter as he was.' Also, the guy who flattened his nose didn't remember? I think you'd remember that. Presumably at least one of these guys was in his year.

Also, this looks like further proof that a lot of Cohn's problems could be solved by a better social group.

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May I post a link to this entry on the Squash God page, on my FB? It's too good not to share.

Absolutely! Post at will!

::jumping up and down:: Ooh! Ooh! Do Politically Incorrect Fairy Tales next!

I like to imagine that all fairy tales have a moral or at least teach some sort of social lesson. Y'know, stuff like "Don't trust old ladies who live in gingerbread houses," "Odds are your grandma doesn't have long fangs and smell like dog," and "Never ever trust a stepmother because they're always gonna turn out to be evil."

But I sure can't figure out what this one is supposed to teach us. "If someone treats you badly, kill a bunch of people, kidnap his daughter and steal the kingdom"?

Fairy tales only really started getting into moral lessons around the time the Victorians got their hands on them and decided to clean them up a bit and hand them off to their kids. Before that, they were pretty much what adults did for entertainment before they had things like HBO and Showtime.

I'm suspecting that the real reason the soldier got sent off by the king to begin with has nothing to do with his injuries and more to do with reports from his superiors that he was kind of an asshole, but you kind of have to justify these things a bit more tangibly than with a mere broadly-stated character assessment, don't you?

You lit a fire in a tunnel where the flames were burning blue. By rights you should be spread all over the landscape in an inch-thick layer of goo.

I like the rhyme, but the meter needs work... *evil grin*

I'm only familiar with the Hans Christian Andersen version of this fairytale (being Danish that's almost unavoidable!) and I always thought the soldier's dealing with the witch in that one was a bit skeevy (chopping her head off!) This version makes HCA's version look practically sweet and cuddly in comparison, though.

I love your commentary!

Man, I'd *love* to see what you'd make of the Swan-May story (the one with all the brothers that got turned into swans and their sister who frees them.) I have to admit, I want to know the dwarf's side of this story.

The dwarf's side of this story would probably make excellent reading, now that you mention it. Hmmm.

I think that I prefer "Bearskin" when it comes to fairy tales with soldiers in them. That one, at least, has the Devil in it. (And there's a great version of it done as a film that I saw on public television many years ago.)

The one with a soldier and the Devil I know is The Devil's Soothy Brother. Are those variants? Former soldier works for the devil, enjoying cooking his former officers, but when he leaves he looks awful and may not wash?

I bounced the paragraph about dogs to a friend of mine who has a pug... He laughed for a good 5 minutes.

I loved the versions of Fairy Tales that Jim Henson did, especially The Soldier and the Devil.

Storyteller! I've been dying to see that for years, and finally found it on Netflix Instant.

Yet another version?

I seem to recall another version. In it, the witch orders him around with a simular list of backbreaking tasks, and yet she fed and sheltered him at the end of each day. The last task she orders him to slay her. With some reservation, he finally obeys and when he cleaves her in twain, she turns from a haggard crone into a young maiden. She explained that noone would come near her, much less help her. The newly cleaned up house was his, and she became his bride.